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Dynamic populations of the cereal Cecidomyidae: Mayetiola destructor Say (1817) and Mayetiola hordei Kieffer (1909) (Diptera; Cecidomyiidae) on barley in the region of Mograne in Zaghouan

Dynamique des populations des cécidomyies des céréales Mayetiola destructor Say (1817) et Mayetiola hordei Kieffer (1909) (Diptera ; Cecidomyiidae) sur orge dans la région de Mograne à Zaghouan

 

M. ELIMEM1

C. LAHFEF1,2

M. MATMATI1

E. LIMEM-SELLEMI3

Y. MLIKI3

 

1 High School of Agriculture of Mograne (ESAM), Mograne, Zaghouane, University of Tunis, Tunisia

2 National Agronomy Institute of Tunis (INAT), University of Tunis. 43 Avenue Charles Nicolle, Tunis 1082, Tunisia

3 General Directorate of Agricultural Protection, Ministry of Agriculture of Water Resources and Fisheries, 30, Alain Savary Street, 1002-Tunis le Belvédère, Tunisia

 

Abstract – Having studied the life cycle and the dynamic population of Mayetiola destructor Say (1817) et Mayetiola hordei Kieffer (1909) (Diptera; Cecidomyiidae) using two sampling methods in barley fields. Results showed that M. destructor is more important than M. hordei in the region of Mograne. Populations of the two Hessian flies appear extensively in both experimental fields particularly the adults. During this campaign, 3 adults ‘generations were able to emerge in both plots with a dominance of the females which was absolute for certain periods by causing many damages. Damages evaluation showed a percentage of attacks that reached 100% during certain periods. On the other hand, a phenomenon of parasitism was observed, and which achieved in certain cases 62% for the first experimental field and 100% for the second one which causes the Hessian fly populations’ decrease.

Keywords: Hessian fly, the barley stem gall midge, dynamic populations, barley, sex-ratio, parasitism

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Control trials against Ectomyelois ceratoniae Zeller 1881 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) under controlled conditions and in citrus orchard.

 

M. ELIMEM1

A. HARBI2

A. HAFSI2

S. BEN OTHMEN2

E. LIMEM-SELLEMI3

B. MICHEL4

B. CHERMITI2

 

High School of Agriculture of Mograne (ESAM), Mograne, Zaghouane, University of Tunis, Tunisia

Higher Institute of Agronomy of Chott-Mériem, 4042, Université de Sousse, Tunisia.

3 General Directorate of Agricultural Protection, Ministry of Agriculture of Water Resources and Fisheries, 30, Alain Savary Street, 1002-Tunis le Belvédère, Tunisia

4 French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development. Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), Montpellier, France.

 

 

Abstract – This study was held in two experimental sites belonging to the Tunisian Eastern Central Coast. Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande 1895 (Thysanoptera; Thripidae) males and females counting during the study period using two sampling methods; blue sticky traps and sampling of flowers, showed that differences between both sexes tends gradually to rise approaching hot season with a continuous increase of females’ number till the end of prospecting. These differences between both sexes affected the sex ratio recorded on flowers and blue sticky traps which tended to decrease progressively from 0.13 and 0.15 to 0.02 and 0.009 in pepper flowers in the biotope of Bekalta, from 0.11 and 0.14 to 0.08 and 0.06 in pepper flowers and 0.37 to 0.19 on blue sticky traps in the biotope of Moknine. Biotic and abiotic parameters in the greenhouses had an impact on sex-ratio tendency; more climatic conditions and pepper flowers’ number improve and thrips density becomes higher, more sex-ratio tends to decrease. The apical stratum of pepper crop had the highest sex-ratio and males, females and total thrips number with often significant differences with the other strata (central and basal). Same as for blue sticky traps where sex-ratio was higher than in pepper flowers with significant differences. 

Keywords: males, females, host plant phenology, climatic conditions, sampling.

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Chemical investigation of polar extracts from Ruta chalpensis L. growing in Tunisia: Correlation with their antioxidant activities.

 

M. BEN SGHAIER1

T. LOUHICHI2

A. HAKEM1

Y. AMMARI1

 

1 Laboratory for Forest Ecology, National Institute for Research in Rural Engineering, Water and Forests, University of carthage, BP 10, 2080 Ariana, Tunisie

2 Department of pathology, farhat hached hospital, University of sousse

 

Abstract – Ruta chalpensis has been used as a spice and as natural additive for more than 1000 years. Ruta is a genus of Rutaceae family and features primarily shrubby plants that are native to the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activities of extracts obtained from aerial part of Ruta chalepensis using the non-enzymatic DPPH and ABTS assays systems. Methanol and aqueous extracts exhibited high antioxidant with IC50 values 54.1±1.5 and 73.6±2.6 µg/ml respectively for DPPH assay. Moreover, the results revealed that methanol and aqueous extracts present antioxidant efficiency against the ABTS˙+ radical with respectively 92.4 % and 87.5% at the highest concentration of 3 mg/mL. The present study has demonstrated that Ruta chalepensis extract possess potent antioxidant activities which could be derived from compounds such as flavonoids and polyphenols.

Keywords: Ruta chalpensis, free radical-scavenging activity, polar extracts, ployphenol content.

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Control trials against Ectomyelois ceratoniae Zeller 1881 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) under controlled conditions and in citrus orchard.

 Essais de lutte contre Ectomyelois ceratoniae Zeller 1881 (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae) sous conditions contrôlées et en verger d’agrumes.

  

W. HACHED1

S. BEN ROMDHANE2

H. SAHRAOUI2

K. GRISSA-LEBDI1

 

1 Laboratory of Research/ Bioaggressors and Integrated Pest Management in Agriculture, University of Carthage, National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia, 43 Charles Nicolle avenue, Mahrajène City, 1082 Tunis, Tunisia.

2 Citrus Technical Center (CTA). 8099 Zaouiet Jedidi- Beni Khalled- BP 318- Nabeul- Tunisia

 

 

Abstract – Citrus crops are attacked by various lepidopteran pests which cause considerable losses. Recently, damages caused by the date moth Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) have been reported in tunisian orange groves. However, in the absence of a strategy to control this pest in citrus orchards, this work aims to test two chemical molecules (abamectin and emamectin benzoate) and two biological molecules (spinosad and azadirachtin) in different doses against the stages L1 and L5 of the pest under controlled conditions and to verify their efficacy on E. ceratoniae in the citrus field. The results of this study showed that, under controlled conditions, all the tested products caused a corrected mortality of 100% of the target stages L1 and L5 after 24 to 72 hours of their applications. Nevertheless, in the citrus field, only the spinosad at the dose of 60 cc / hl caused a significant difference in the reduction of the infestation rate of the date moth for the treated plants.

Keywords: biological control, chemical control, citrus, date moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae.

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Rootstocks effect on flavonoid content and antioxidant properties of Maltese (Citrus sinensis L.) ethanolic extracts

 

G. ZOUAGHI1-2

A. NAJAR3

M. ABDERRABBA

 

Laboratory materials, molecules, applications, IPEST (Preparatory Institute for Scientific and Technical Studies), University of Carthage, La Marsa 2070, Tunis, Tunisia.

Faculty of Physical and Natural Mathematical Sciences of Tunis, University Manar Tunis, University campus, FarhatHached, B.P. n ° 94 - ROMMANA, Tunis 1068, Tunisia

Laboratory of plant protection, National Institute of Agronomic Research of Tunisia, University of Carthage Rue HédiKarray, 1004 El Menzah, Tunisia

 

 

Abstract – The antioxidative potential of flavonoids was one of the earliest functions proposed for these compounds. The grafting of the rootstock with the orange tree is an agronomical technique used to improve production and quality of the fruit. Ethanolic extracts of peel citrus fruit grafted on 8 rootstocks growing in Tunisia were investigated for their total flavonoids content and their antioxidant activity by radical DPPH method. IC50 (values denote the concentration of sample, which is required to scavenge50% of radical DPPH free radicals) for antioxidant activity ranged from 585.4-1095.1 μg/mL. Total flavonoids content (based on colorimetric AlCl3 method) varied from 11.44- 44.34 mg Quercetin equivalent/g of dry extract. There were a correlation between the total flavonoids contents and antioxidant activity of peel extracts (r= -0.8654).

Keywords: Correlation, DPPH., Essential oil, Flavonoids, Maltese, Rootstocks

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Effect of different levels of water salinity on the morpho-physiological behavior of Cassar clementine grafted on three rootstocks.

Etude de l’effet des différents traitements à l’eau saline sur le comportement morpho-physiologique de la clémentine Cassar greffé sur différents porte-greffes

 

M.K. AOUNALLAH1

S.B.M. HAMMAMI1

A. KHARRAT1

H. AMEUR1

J. BOUSSAA1

T. BETTAIEB1

 

National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia (INAT), University of Carthage, Tunis, Tunisia

 

 

Abstract – The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the salinity of water irrigation on the vegetative growth of the Clementine Cassar grafted on different rootstocks. The experiment was conducted, in off-ground cultivation system, in 60-liter pots with a substrate representative of the most important citrus growing region of Tunisia and placed under a plastic greenhouse. The results obtained showed that irrigation with salty water decreases on 20% the number and the length of shoots and on 40% the number of leaves per plant in the combination Cassar/C35 in comparison with the combination Cassar/Bitter orange. In addition, the salty water increases the proline content to attain order 900 μg/gMF in comparison with the use of fresh water, for which proline levels has not exceed 100 μg/GMF.

Keywords: citrus, salinity, rootstock, growth.

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This article is published under license to Journal of New Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

CC BY 4.0