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Place of modules dedicated to the environment in the curriculum of six Moroccan universities and analysis of environmental knowledge to teach

Place des modules dédiés à l’environnement dans le programme d’enseignement de six universités marocaines et analyse de savoir environnemental à enseigner







1Polyvalent laboratory in research and development, Department of Biology, Poly-disciplinary Faculty, Sultan MoulaySlimane University, BeniMellal, Morocco


Abstract -The study aims to explore the practices of the Moroccan university about the environment. To reach this, the research was based on the analysis of university curricula, the analysis of the environmental knowledge to be taught. The results show that at the scale of six Moroccan universities, there are 545 sectors, of which 345 (63.3%), do not offer environmental lessons. While the discipline that carries the highest number of modules related to the environment is geography, followed by those of biology and geology, all levels combined with predominance at the level of the license. The analysis of some environmental lessons of these three disciplines taught at the faculties of Sultan MoulaySlimane University in Beni Mellal and the Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah University in Fez shows that these courses are characterized by their wealth of information and environmental concepts.

Keywords: Environmental education, university education.

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Evaluation of antioxidant enzymatic activity in plasma of the dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) in Tunisia





1Laboratory of Physiology and Therapeutics. University of Manouba. Ecole Nationale de Médecine Vétérinaire de Sidi Thabet,

Abstract – This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant status in dromedary. The activity of some enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and some metal ions (calcium, magnesium, iron) were explored. A total of 40 dromedaries were divided into 4 groups: 10 young males (aged less than 1 year), 10 adult males (age varied from 3 to 5 years), 10 lactating females and 10 pregnant. The antioxidant status was assessed according to the age of the animal, the sex and the physiological situation of the female (pregnant, lactating). The results show an average activity in superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase of 180.21 ± 8.21 kU/L, 105.84 ± 4.25 kU/L and 102.27 ± 4.75 mU/ L respectively. These enzymatic activities were more important in young animals (vs. adults) (p = 0.012, 0.025, 0.026 for superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase respectively) and lactating (vs pregnant) females (p = 0.015, 0.028, 0.026 for superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidaserespectively). Besides, the variations of some metal ions were correlated positively; whereas no, statistically significant, variation was detected according to the sex of the animal (p = 0.07, 0.06, 0.12 for superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase respectively).

Keywords: dromedary, superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, metal ions, plasma

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This article is published under license to Journal of New Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

CC BY 4.0